Monthly Archives: September 2012

Test your code like a pro – PHPUnit in practice – preparation guide

As promised, here’s a quick guide that will allow you to prepare for my “Test your code like a pro – PHPUnit in practice” tutorial at PHPNW12 conference in Manchester on 5th October. If you still haven’t decided whether to go or not have a look at the official abstract and my previous blog posts. There is still time to get the tickets!

There are really 2 things that you will need, to get smoothly through the tutorial: git client and working installation of PHPUnit. So please make sure you have installed them and you can use them. Being able to open PDF files is also recommended as I will be giving out a tutorial’s manual/instructions in a PDF format.

Well this above obviously requires a computer. I guess you will decide to bring a laptop with you, although if you prefer to take your desktop computer with you, it will do too. While most of the stuff will be in the PDF file, going through the tutorial without a laptop will be difficult to follow and you will not learn as much. I will not have any spare laptops to borrow, sorry.

I strongly discourage brining in a Windows machine with you, unless you feel comfortable with solving any problems related with php, pear and PHPUnit in a very short period of time or you come really well prepared. We will not have a lot of time to spend configuring each other machines and we also don’t want the others to wait and do nothing while you set everything up. We only have 3 hours, and believe me it will go fast.

Ubuntu/Debian

git

Using apt to install git should set you up pretty quickly. Just type in the below:

$ sudo apt-get install git-core
$ git --version

PHP

You will need at least PHP 5.3.3 installed, but I strongly recommend installing PHP 5.4. Again with apt it should be pretty instant to get you set up:

$ sudo apt-get install php5-cli
$ sudo apt-get install php-pear
$ sudo apt-get install php5-xdebug
$ php -v

PEAR

Before you can install PHPUnit you need to make sure PEAR is at the latest version. So upgrade it first

$ sudo pear upgrade PEAR

PHPUnit

Then finally you will be able to install PHPUnit:

$ sudo pear config-set auto_discover 1
$ sudo pear install pear.phpunit.de/PHPUnit
$ phpunit --version

Windows

git

You can install git client on a Windows machine by using the installer package that you can download from msysgit project downloads page.

Just accept all the default options. All you really need is to be able to clone a repo and change branches.

PHP

  1. First download PHP 5.4 binaries from http://windows.php.net/ and unzip it into c:\php.
  2. Then download xdebug library from xdebug downloads page and copy it over to c:\php\ext directory.
  3. Rename the library to php_xdebug.dll.
  4. Copy c:\php\php.ini-development to c:\php\php.ini
  5. Make sure date.timezone is set to “Europe/London”
  6. Activate xdebug by adding the snippet bellow at the end of c:\php\php.ini
  7. [xdebug]
    zend_extension=ext\php_xdebug.dll
  8. Add c:\php to system path via Computer’s Advanced Properties -> Environment Variables
  9. Restart windows
  10. In the command prompt run:
  11. c:\> php -v
    PHP 5.4.7 (cli) (built: Sep 12 2012 23:48:31)
    Copyright (c) 1997-2012 The PHP Group
    Zend Engine v2.4.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2012 Zend Technologies
        with Xdebug v2.2.1, Copyright (c) 2002-2012, by Derick Rethans

PEAR

Next we have to install PEAR.

  1. Download go-pear.phar from http://pear.php.net and copy it over to c:\php\
  2. Run the following command and from the presented options change option 1 – Installation base to c:\php and option 11 – Name of configuration file to c:\php\pear.ini
  3. c:\> php c:\php\go-pear.phar
  4. Then hit enter to finish installation
  5. Let installer change your include path at the end by answering y to the question “Would you like to alter php.ini?”
  6. Double-click the PEAR_ENV.reg file in c:\php
  7. Reboot again to make sure PEAR_ENV registry entries have taken effect

PHPUnit

Finally it’s time to install PHPUnit. At this point just running the below should set you up.

c:\> pear config-set auto_discover 1
c:\> pear install pear.phpunit.de/PHPUnit

c:\> phpunit --version
PHPUnit 3.7.0 by Sebastian Bergmann.

If at any point you have a problem with installing it all on Windows please drop me an email. You can also have a look at Stu Herbert’s blog post about Getting PEAR working on Windows 7

I hope this short guide will let you come to my tutorial well prepared. I will see you in Manchester soon!

The Grumpy Programmer’s Book at PHPNW12

I’ve got some good news for the people that already have decided to attend my tutorial “Test your code like a Pro – PHPUnit in practise” at PHPNW12 conference in ManchesterChris Hartjes has kindly offered to give away 3 digital copies of his famous “Guide To Building Testable Applications in PHP” book to attendees of my tutorial! I strongly believe this will nicely compliment the tutorial itself and give the people such a boost in their further adventures with testing. You can learn more about the book itself at http://www.grumpy-testing.com/.

Your still have a chance to get a ticket to my tutorial on 5th October and only one more reason to buy it! For these who already know PHPUnit and already have started they journey through unit testing PHP code I strongly recommend buying the book and reading it. There is plenty of hints and tips that will help you understand how to write unit testable code and increase its quality!

Big thanks to Chris again and I hope to see you all in Manchester soon!

Test your code like a pro – PHPUnit in practice at PHPNW12

PHP NW12 conference is nearly upon us, so I guess it’s about time to tell you more about the workshop that I will be having there on the 5th October morning. I wanted to do that for a very long time, especially that I am a big fan of quality assurance in software engineering. You can read the official abstract at the conference homepage, but here I am gonna tell you a little bit more about what we gonna do during the 3 hour tutorial.

My main focus will be to teach you and lead you through main concepts of unit testing PHP code. It’s a beginners course, so we will go though all the basics of organising your test suite, understanding the benefits of unit tests and making you feel comfortable and confident with the code you write. We’ll do it all big band TDD style – so we will write the tests first and implement the functionality afterwards. It’s very important to get this right and to set up the mindset from the very beginning.

PHPUnit is de-facto a standard in PHP world, so it is also important that you are aware of the main features of the tool. We’ll go through the set up, configuration and options that are the most useful at the beginning – so you can get the most out of the tool. The concepts that I am gonna go through will include:

  • working with typical test suites
  • basic assertions – strings, integers, booleans, object
  • PHPUnit from the command line
  • using phpunit.xml configuration file
  • testing exceptions
  • testing PHP errors, warnings and notices
  • asserting output
  • data driving your tests by using data providers
  • generating code coverage report

If you have never had a chance to unit test your code, but you’d like to try now, it’s the best time to get started. I will do my best to make you feel confident and to help you start your own Journey Towards Continuous Integration, but what you have to do is to go to your boss and convince him to buy you a ticket to my tutorial ( and the conference). There is still plenty of time and there are still some tickets left.

No matter whether you have already bought a ticker or you’re thinking about right now, if there is anything specific you you want me to go through during the tutorial please let me know. I’ll do my best to fit that in. We can also change the course of the tutorial if the group will prefer to touch on some slightly different subjects of unit testing – I am open for suggestions. And I will be accessible after the tutorial too, for any questions, help or even quick hacks. You will even get more chances to speak to me over the next 2 days, during the main conference days – on the 6th and 7th October.

It’s a lot of things to go through so it is very important that you come prepared and focused on the day. We only have 3 hours and I’d like to avoid situation where the hardware/operational issues will stand in our way. While I will try to help everybody out if there are any issues I will encourage you to install PHPUnit on your laptops before, so it is working without a problem. I want to focus on writing the tests and using PHPUnit, not on trying to make PHP itself working on your machines.  I strongly recommend using a non-Windows system. Windows has been proved to be very unreliable if it comes to setting up PHP and PEAR. It does work, but it requires some strong skills and patience. So you’d rather install ubuntu or debian, as this is an environment that everything just works out of the box.

During the course of the next 2 days I will post more detailed instructions about how you can prepare your laptops to make sure you can run PHPUnit on them without any issues, so watch this space closely.

I hope to see you at my tutorial in about 3 weeks!

Symfony2 Live! London – aftermatch

Symfony Live LondonI am sitting on the train back to Sheffield coming back from an awesome Symfony Live London event. It was my first time at Symfony Live conference, and at the same time it was first edition of the conference held in London. Conference was organised perfectly, but was else could you expect from  people like Lorna Jane and Wes Thompson! Great event guys and very well done!

For a person like me, who only started working with Symfony2 a few months ago, it was a mind blowing mine of information about Symfony2, tools that support symfony2 applications like composer and behat and general practises around using the framework itself. I was pretty impressed by the fact how Drupal8 and Symfony2 work together, and get the famous CRM event better. It definitely proves that PHP as the language, environment and surrounding community matures. The talks in fact were only the background of the opportunities that I had today – meeting in person and being able to talk to people like Fabien Potencier (creator of Symfony2), Jordi Boggiano (the man behind composer), Konstantin Kudryashov (the Behat man) and Marcello Duarte (the PHPSpec man). The conference venue was all buzzing – people talking and exchanging experiences.

I have seen 6 talks in total:

Every talk was unique and touched on different subject, but I have to admit Konstantin and Marcello just blown my mind off with they approach to testing with BDD. I still can’t get all the things together and they gave me plenty of things to think about. The next thing I will do will be to replicate what they have done with Behat and PHPSpec2 during their presentation.  I do not agree with what they have said about unit testing, and I still believe that unit testing has it’s own place in the development processes, just needs to be used right and for the right purpose. For me the BBD way they have shown us it’s a different approach to testing only complementing xUnit. Anyway have a look at their slides and at Behat and PHPSpec2 if you haven’t yet. PHPSpec2 is still pre,pre,pre,pre,pre,pre,pre,[pre,] alpha, but looks really promising and I can see myself including it in my toolset.

Finally, I’d like to thank everybody who attended my talk Effective Code Reviews and asked all the questions afterwards. It’s been a pleasure to be able to meet you all and exchange all the experiences around code review process. Thanks to everybody who left the feedback on joind.in, and if you have seen my talk and not yet gave me the feedback please do so. It’s very important for me to know what did you like and what not, so I can improve it in the future.

Enough writing, I am too excited about Behat and PHPSpec2 so I am gonna download it and play with it for another hour, and I hope to meet you all again in a year time at the the next Symfony Live! London Conference!

Speaking at Symfony Live London

Symfony Live London It’s quite late now, but there are still some tickets and time to get on board and come to London to participate at Symfony Live London conference this Friday (14th Sept 2012). The lineup is pretty impressive, including well known speakers like Fabien PotencierJordi BoggianoRowan MerewoodRichard Miller and Konstantin Kudryashov. The more honoured I feel to be able to speak amongst them. I will be talking about code reviews and will share my experiences “straight from the field”. I count on you to challenge me and discuss all the things about development processes, specifically around code quality.

See you in London!